Chapter 18: Conclusion -- The Perfection of Renunciation

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gita As It Is 18.2

sri-bhagavan uvaca

kamyanam karmanam nyasam

sannyasam kavayo viduh


prahus tyagam vicakshanah


sri-bhagavan uvaca -- the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; kamyanam -- with desire; karmanam -- of activities; nyasam -- renunciation; sannyasam -- the renounced order of life; kavayah -- the learned; viduh -- know; sarva -- of all; karma -- activities; phala -- of results; tyagam -- renunciation; prahuh -- call; tyagam -- renunciation; vicakshanah -- the experienced.


The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The giving up of activities that are based on material desire is what great learned men call the renounced order of life [sannyasa]. And giving up the results of all activities is what the wise call renunciation [tyaga].


The performance of activities for results has to be given up. This is the instruction of Bhagavad-gita. But activities leading to advanced spiritual knowledge are not to be given up. This will be made clear in the next verses. In the Vedic literature there are many prescriptions of methods for performing sacrifice for some particular purpose. There are certain sacrifices to perform to attain a good son or to attain elevation to the higher planets, but sacrifices prompted by desires should be stopped. However, sacrifice for the purification of one's heart or for advancement in the spiritual science should not be given up.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness